Know the Syllabus and weight-age of IIT JEE Main/Prepare for JEE Main with the syllabus and weight-age details.

Know the Syllabus and weight-age of IIT JEE Main/Prepare for JEE Main with the syllabus and weight-age details

When Engineering aspirants start their IIT JEE Preparation, the first thing that comes to their mind is the syllabus. The second is the weight-age . The syllabus along with its important topics and weight-age help one to have a better preparation; however one must take every topic seriously and not neglect a single one. As per the JEE Main syllabus, the weight-age distribution is done based on various factors. Let us have a look into those, subject wise so that the path to cracking the entrance is easier.

Physics (Syllabus and Weight-age )

Weight-age of topics based on Basic Concepts and Fundamentals

  • Vectors: 2%
  • Units and Measurements: 2%
  • Measurement of Errors: 2%
  • Newton’s Laws of Motion: 4%
  • Kinematics: 1%

Weight-age base on importance

  • Electrostatics: 6%
  • Wave Optics: 5%
  • Ray Optics: 6%
  • Work, Energy and Power: 5%
  • Current Electricity: 7%
  • Simple Harmonic Motion: 5%
  • Wave Motion and String Waves: 5%
  • Centre of Mass, Momentum and Collision: 5%
  • Rotational Dynamics: 4%
  • Magnetism: 6%
  • Fluid Mechanics: 5%
  • Nuclear Physics: 5%
  • Heat and Thermodynamics: 6%
  • Modern Physics: 5%

This section is very important as one can expect questions anywhere between 2 to 3 from each of the topics. Moreover, the questions asked are not straight forward. This demands a lot of practice from the IIT JEE books recommended.

Rest of the topics given should be studied to expect at least one or two questions. If we consider the last few years’ question papers and have to point out the average number of questions asked, JEE Main syllabus can become easier to refer to.


Average number of Questions

  • Current Electricity
  • Law of Motions
  • Waves
  • Optics
  • Simple Harmonic Motion
  • Electrostatics
  • Heat and Thermodynamics
  • 8
  • 2
  • 2
  • 3
  • 2
  • 4
  •  2


Mathematics (Syllabus and Weight-age )

Weight-age based on basics and fundamental

  • Circles and Family of Circles: 6%
  • Sequence and Series: 5%
  • Inverse Trigonometric Functions: 3%

Weight-age based on importance

  • Limit and Continuity: 3%
  • Straight Lines and Pair of Straight Lines: 2%
  • Applications of Derivative: 4%
  • Matrices and Determinants: 4%
  • 3-D Geometry: 5%
  • Vector Algebra: 5%
  • Integration: 8%
  • Probability and Statistics: 7%
  • Complex Numbers: 5%
  • Trigonometric Ratios: 3%
  • Parabola: 3%

Apart from the above mentioned topics, the rest needs to be given importance too as the score for each topic can vary anywhere from 1% to 5% of the total marks.

If we look into the average number of questions asked in the previous years, the expected number of questions can be as given in the table.


Average Number of Questions

  • Integral Calculus
  • Trigonometry
  • Coordinate Geometry
  • Complex Number Quadratic Equations
  • Sequence and Series
  • Continuity/Differential Limits
  • 3
  • 2
  • 7
  • 3
  • 2
  • 3


Mathematics is a subject out of the three that needs immense practice so that the sum can be solved instantly. Without practice, no matter how many IIT JEE books for Math you refer to, the result will not be satisfactory. Even if you have joined an IIT JEE coaching and practicing the problems everyday there but you are not doing self-study at home, the hard work will not fetch the desired result.

Chemistry (Syllabus and Weight-age )

Weight-age based on fundamentals

  • Periodic Table: 5%
  • Chemical Bonding: 5%

Weight-age based on importance

  • Co-ordination Chemistry: 5%
  • P-Block elements: 5%
  • General Organic Chemistry: 7%
  • D and F block elements: 5%
  • Alcohol, Phenols and Ethers: 7%
  • Aldehydes and Ketones: 5%
  • Thermodynamics: 5%
  • S-Block elements: 5%

Now, let us know the average number of questions asked for the important topics and frequency.


Average Number of Questions

  • Periodic Table/ representative elements
  • Solution and Colligative Properties
  • General Organic Chemistry
  • Gaseous State
  • Atomic Structure
  • Transition Element and Coordination Chemistry
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 3


While Physics and Chemistry can’t have a lot of variety in questions, Mathematics can confuse a candidate in the examination hall. To get rid of this fear and stress, one has to practice the problems of Math daily and from different recommended books so that one learns the variety of questions that can be expected. JEE preparation is more than knowing the JEE Main syllabus and preparing as per the weight-age . It needs dedication to devote 5 to 6 hours daily at home apart from the IIT JEE coaching that one may have joined.

Regular study and organized method of study will help in the long run as the preparation is all about consistency and not compromising a single day.

While the weight-age definitely gives you an idea of some of the important topics which need more practice and study, it doesn’t point to the fact that rest of the topics are not important. Something very interesting about IIT JEE entrance is its unpredictable question pattern.

The questions that were asked previous years in more numbers may not be asked in the same number the year you are preparing for. II JEE is one of the toughest entrances and checks a student’s knowledge on the basics of the topics of both class 11th and 12th. If you know each and every topic thoroughly, weight-age and syllabus will be deemed less important for you.

Work hard, understand the concepts and give your best shot.

Author Bio:- Aditya Singhal is the co-founder of www.askiitians.com, an online coaching platform for IIT JEE, Medical and School Entrance exams. It is his passion and vision to help the engineering and medical aspirants that he along with his co-founder started with this venture. He had worked with Kurt Salmon Associates, a reputed American Management Consultancy.


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