Know the Syllabus and weightage of IIT JEE Main/Prepare for JEE Main with the syllabus and weightage details
When Engineering aspirants start their IIT JEE Preparation, the first thing that comes to their mind is the syllabus. The second is the weightage . The syllabus along with its important topics and weightage help one to have a better preparation; however one must take every topic seriously and not neglect a single one. As per the JEE Main syllabus, the weightage distribution is done based on various factors. Let us have a look into those, subject wise so that the path to cracking the entrance is easier.
Physics (Syllabus and Weightage )
Weightage of topics based on Basic Concepts and Fundamentals
 Vectors: 2%
 Units and Measurements: 2%
 Measurement of Errors: 2%
 Newton’s Laws of Motion: 4%
 Kinematics: 1%
Weightage base on importance
 Electrostatics: 6%
 Wave Optics: 5%
 Ray Optics: 6%
 Work, Energy and Power: 5%
 Current Electricity: 7%
 Simple Harmonic Motion: 5%
 Wave Motion and String Waves: 5%
 Centre of Mass, Momentum and Collision: 5%
 Rotational Dynamics: 4%
 Magnetism: 6%
 Fluid Mechanics: 5%
 Nuclear Physics: 5%
 Heat and Thermodynamics: 6%
 Modern Physics: 5%
This section is very important as one can expect questions anywhere between 2 to 3 from each of the topics. Moreover, the questions asked are not straight forward. This demands a lot of practice from the IIT JEE books recommended.
Rest of the topics given should be studied to expect at least one or two questions. If we consider the last few years’ question papers and have to point out the average number of questions asked, JEE Main syllabus can become easier to refer to.
Topics

Average number of Questions

 Current Electricity
 Law of Motions
 Waves
 Optics
 Simple Harmonic Motion
 Electrostatics
 Heat and Thermodynamics


Mathematics (Syllabus and Weightage )
Weightage based on basics and fundamental
 Circles and Family of Circles: 6%
 Sequence and Series: 5%
 Inverse Trigonometric Functions: 3%
Weightage based on importance
 Limit and Continuity: 3%
 Straight Lines and Pair of Straight Lines: 2%
 Applications of Derivative: 4%
 Matrices and Determinants: 4%
 3D Geometry: 5%
 Vector Algebra: 5%
 Integration: 8%
 Probability and Statistics: 7%
 Complex Numbers: 5%
 Trigonometric Ratios: 3%
 Parabola: 3%
Apart from the above mentioned topics, the rest needs to be given importance too as the score for each topic can vary anywhere from 1% to 5% of the total marks.
If we look into the average number of questions asked in the previous years, the expected number of questions can be as given in the table.
Topics

Average Number of Questions

 Integral Calculus
 Trigonometry
 Coordinate Geometry
 Complex Number Quadratic Equations
 Sequence and Series
 Continuity/Differential Limits


Mathematics is a subject out of the three that needs immense practice so that the sum can be solved instantly. Without practice, no matter how many IIT JEE books for Math you refer to, the result will not be satisfactory. Even if you have joined an IIT JEE coaching and practicing the problems everyday there but you are not doing selfstudy at home, the hard work will not fetch the desired result.
Chemistry (Syllabus and Weightage )
Weightage based on fundamentals
 Periodic Table: 5%
 Chemical Bonding: 5%
Weightage based on importance
 Coordination Chemistry: 5%
 PBlock elements: 5%
 General Organic Chemistry: 7%
 D and F block elements: 5%
 Alcohol, Phenols and Ethers: 7%
 Aldehydes and Ketones: 5%
 Thermodynamics: 5%
 SBlock elements: 5%
Now, let us know the average number of questions asked for the important topics and frequency.
Topics

Average Number of Questions

 Periodic Table/ representative elements
 Solution and Colligative Properties
 General Organic Chemistry
 Gaseous State
 Atomic Structure
 Transition Element and Coordination Chemistry


While Physics and Chemistry can’t have a lot of variety in questions, Mathematics can confuse a candidate in the examination hall. To get rid of this fear and stress, one has to practice the problems of Math daily and from different recommended books so that one learns the variety of questions that can be expected. JEE preparation is more than knowing the JEE Main syllabus and preparing as per the weightage . It needs dedication to devote 5 to 6 hours daily at home apart from the IIT JEE coaching that one may have joined.
Regular study and organized method of study will help in the long run as the preparation is all about consistency and not compromising a single day.
While the weightage definitely gives you an idea of some of the important topics which need more practice and study, it doesn’t point to the fact that rest of the topics are not important. Something very interesting about IIT JEE entrance is its unpredictable question pattern.
The questions that were asked previous years in more numbers may not be asked in the same number the year you are preparing for. II JEE is one of the toughest entrances and checks a student’s knowledge on the basics of the topics of both class 11^{th} and 12^{th}. If you know each and every topic thoroughly, weightage and syllabus will be deemed less important for you.
Work hard, understand the concepts and give your best shot.
Author Bio: Aditya Singhal is the cofounder of www.askiitians.com, an online coaching platform for IIT JEE, Medical and School Entrance exams. It is his passion and vision to help the engineering and medical aspirants that he along with his cofounder started with this venture. He had worked with Kurt Salmon Associates, a reputed American Management Consultancy.